What are the different types of physiotherapy treatments available?   

Physiotherapy is a health treatment that encompasses a range of techniques such as electrotherapy, exercises¸ heat therapy, massages, patient education for treating an ailment, injury, or deformity. This field has sub-specialities in various practice areas to deal with different conditions in an appropriate and effective way as explained below.

Neurological physiotherapy 

The treatment focuses on neurological impairments and conditions, such as loss of balance and coordination, decreased sensation, loss of function, tremors, muscle weakness and spasm. If not treated, it can lead to cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injury, multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer’s disease, etc. The physiotherapy sessions attempt to get the highest level of autonomous function as far as possible. It focuses on reconstructing and correcting neural pathways, coordination, motor balance and control. Some of the physiotherapy treatments include magnetic therapy, taping, massage & lymphatic drainage, soft tissue treatment, acupuncture or dry needling, and joint mobilisation, along with strengthening exercise programs. 

Musculoskeletal or Orthopedic physiotherapy 

It deals with restoring and treating functions related to human musculoskeletal system, including ligaments, tendons, joints, and bones. The physiotherapist will analyse if skeletal parts are working fine to ensure your body is moving at its best.   The main goal is to rectify the skeletal injury, ease pain and increase mobilization. The treatment plans include hot & cold packs, endurance exercises, joint mobilization, electrical muscle stimulation, ultrasound, and stretching training. Many sports injuries and lower back pain are caused by the irregular musculoskeletal system alignment.

Cardiopulmonary physiotherapy 

Any disorders such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and cardiac arrest are treated by this physiotherapy. The treatment involves certain forms of deep breathing and circulation exercises, resistance training techniques, correct breathing practices that help in improving the overall quality of life. Doctors usually suggest for this rehabilitation session, if you’ve had lung or heart surgery.

Pediatric physiotherapy 

This sub-specialty focuses on the physical needs of toddlers, kids, and adolescents with a range of neuromuscular, developmental or other physical disorders. The treatment helps to alleviating pain and to improve fine motor skills amongst children.

Geriatric physiotherapy 

This therapy focuses on certain age-related medical problems like arthritis, osteoporosis. The physiotherapists help their patients with gait aides to minimize pain and to enhance overall mobility by providing various exercises and techniques.

Integral Performance Physio uses a combination of hands-on manual techniques and exercise-based procedures in the range of treatment. Reach out to them to know what type of physiotherapy is right fit for you or your loved ones.



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